Sian Ka´an means in the language of the Mayan people “the place where the sky is born”, is a sublime area of natural beauty on the eastern side of the Yucatán Peninsula in the state of Quintana Roo, 2 hours south of Cancun near the town of Tulum.
Sian Ka´an is home to thousands of species of flora and fauna, which is why the region became a designated Biosphere Reserve in 1986 and a year later, Sian Ka’an was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO and it remains the largest protected area in the Mexican Caribbean (covers 652,000 hectares)
Part of the reserve is on land and part is in the Caribbean Sea, including a section of coral reef.
A huge variety of flora and fauna thrive in the reserve, including four species of mangrove, many medicinal plants, and about 300 species of birds, including toucans, parrots, frigate birds, herons, and egrets. Monkeys, foxes, crocodiles, and boa constrictors also populate the reserve and are spotted by locals and visitors with some regularity. Manatees and jaguars are the reserve’s largest animals but also the most reclusive.
There are also 23 Mayan archeological site within Sian Kaán´s borders in which bones and ceramic relics have been dated to 300 bc. This area was a major Maya trading zone, with large canoes being the principal mode of transportation between Muyil and Tulum .
Recently, a 24 km Mayan artificial canal was discovered.
The reserve is located in the least-developed part of Quintana Roo, and the population is predominantly of Mayan origin
Give yourself the opportunity to immerse yourself in the beautiful nature of the Yucatan Peninsula. Make Sian Ka’an your next adventure in the Riviera Maya!